Nature and Culture

Information for Contributors

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The Board of Editors welcomes contributions. Authors should submit articles as word attachments by e-mail, formatted as Microsoft Word or Rich Text Format files. Electronic submissions are preferred but mailed contributions will be reviewed. Please note that all correspondence will be transmitted via e-mail. Submissions without complete and properly formatted reference lists may be rejected. Manuscripts that have been accepted for publication but do not conform to the Nature and Culture style will be returned to the author for amendment. Articles submitted to this journal will undergo editorial screening and double-blind peer review by at least three external reviewers.

E-mail submissions to the Managing Editor:

Further correspondence may be directed to the Editors:
Sing C. Chew and Matthias Gross

Mailed submissions will include a PC formatted disk with three hard copies of the article. Send to:

The Managing Editor
Nature and Culture
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research -UFZ
Department of Urban and Environmental Sociology
Permoserstr. 15
04318 Leipzig, Germany

Research articles should be between 5,000 and 8,000 words, although longer papers may be considered. Contributions for the Perspectives section will be 2,000 to 5,000 words. Reviews Essays must have a minimum of two titles reviewed and be 2,000 to 4,000 words in length.

The document must be set at the US letter or A4 paper size standard. The entire document (including the notes and references) should be double-spaced with 1-inch (2.5 cm) margins on all sides. A 12-point standard font such as Times or Times New Roman is required and should be used for all text, including headings, notes, and references. An unusual character or diacritical mark should be flagged, as the character may not translate correctly during typesetting.

The cover page should provide the title of the article, a biographical paragraph (describing academic or professional affiliations, a few key publications, recent or ongoing research projects, and related interests); a complete mailing address; and an e-mail address.

The article must include an abstract of 100 to 150 words and 6 to 8 keywords. The abstract should include the research question or puzzle, identify the data, and give some indication of the findings. Keywords will be drawn from the content and not duplicate the article title. Keywords should be presented in alphabetical order, separated by commas.

Contributors are required to submit copyright agreements and all necessary permission letters for reprinting or modifying copyrighted materials. The author is fully responsible for obtaining all permissions. These forms must be on file before the issue goes to press.

This style guide follows the Berghahn Journals House Style Guide, which is based on the Chicago Manual of Style (CMS), 16th edition.

Please note that the journal uses US punctuation and spelling, following Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary or the American Heritage College Dictionary.

Italicize isolated non-English words that do not appear in the standard US dictionary. The word should be italicized on every use.

Spell out words such as “figure,” “table,” “for example,” “percent,” “that is,” “November,” “pounds,” and so forth in the text; abbreviations are acceptable in parentheses, footnotes, tables, captions, and so on.

Dates should be set day/month/year, with no comma in between the elements, e.g., 26 January 1988. In general, use words for numbers that are less than 10, and numerals for all other numbers. Number ranges should not be abbreviated.

When prepositions are involved, use “from 1924 to 1928” not “from 1924–1928,” and “between 1924 and 1928” not “between 1924–1928.”

In general, spell out numbers less than 100, and numerals for all other numbers.

Write out ordinal numbers: first rather than 1st; twenty-ninth rather than 29th. Ordinals can be abbreviated in notes, but superscripts should not be used: 13th, not 13th.

Parenthetical notes or comments may be included as endnotes but should be kept short and to a minimum. Note numbers or asterisks should not be placed on essay titles, section headings, epigraphs, or the contributor’s name.

In-text citations should follow the author-date system, with the full documentation given only in the reference list.

Any acknowledgments should be placed under a separate heading at the end of the article. (See PDF for examples.)


Note: Do not place the reference list in the notes section of documents. The reference list must be placed after the main text of the article. The typesetter will place it where it should appear in the final print formatting.

Every author mentioned in the reference list must be cited in the main text or notes, and every author cited in the main text and notes must be listed in the reference list.

It is preferred that the authors’ first names be given in full, rather than using first-name initials.

For multiple listings under an author’s name, list the oldest publication first, followed by the next most recent publications, in chronological order.

For multiple listings under an author’s name, the journal style no longer uses long dashes to signify the author’s name on subsequent mentions. Instead, the entire name is repeated.

See the PDF version of Notes for Contributors for examples of references.

For optimal reproduction, figures or photos should be submitted as TIFF (resolution at 300 dpi), high-quality JPEG, or EPS (800 dpi), black and white, with all fonts embedded. Additionally, all images should be approximately 4” x 4” inches at the resolution indicated. Tables should be made and submitted in MSWord or rtf.

All figures (photos, graphs, maps) and tables should be in separate files; only placement indicators and captions should be included in the articles themselves. Figures and tables should be numbered consecutively.

Authors are expected to obtain permission to reproduce copyrighted materials (e.g. photographs) used in their article.

Authors published in Nature and Culture (NC) certify that their works are original and their own. The editors certify that all materials, with the possible exception of editorial introductions, book reviews, and some types of commentary, have been subjected to double-blind peer review by qualified scholars in the field. While every effort is made by the publishers and the editorial board to see that no inaccurate or misleading data, opinions or statements appear in this journal, they wish to make it clear that the data and opinions appearing in the articles herein are the sole responsibility of the contributor concerned. For a more detailed explanation concerning these qualifications and responsibilities, please see the complete Nature and Culture Ethics Statement.